History of Nigeria
Nigeria as a political entity came into being by the 1914 Amalgamation of the Northern Protectorate and Southern Protectorate of Nigeria by Lord Lugard.
The name Nigeria was taken from the River Niger running through Nigeria. This name was coined by Flora Shaw, Nigeria the future wife of Baron Lugard, a British colonial administrator, in the late 19th century.(1)
Nigeria has 3 Major Ethnic grouping: Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba and numerous tribal groups. Historically, Nigeria ethnic cultures have run a parallel historical, political and social development; wherever the cultures have merged or met it was normally through commerce or war.
The major tribes Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba with numerous tribal groups are all eternally conscious and supremely guarded of their culture, habit and history. Many of the tribes are openly suspicions of the other.
This was the background to the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorate of Nigeria by Lord Lugard and the British Imperial Office.
Without an adequate melding of the divergent views, convergence of developmental goals and synchronization of aspiration for nationhood, the different peoples of Nigeria was lumped into one country; Nigeria.
6years into this marriage, Nigeria went up in flames. The war termed The Nigeria-Biafra War had as its remote and immediate causes the mistrust and suspicion of the major tribes. Each of them had a different view, outlook; the way, manner and direction Nigeria as a nation should head.
After the war, the country was griped by a military oligarchy that spanned nearly 2/3 of Nigeria independent years.
In 1999, democracy returned to Nigeria with Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo of PDP (Peoples Democratic Party) proclaimed the President of Nigeria.